Discontinued Yachtsman220 Bible Study Blog

Discontinued Yachtsman220 Bible Study Blog

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Project for the week of Jan 8, 2019

Hey guys,
Happy New Year!   Let’s continue with the red verses in Matthew.   Read Mat 5:27-30 for discussion on Tuesday.  



Matthew 5:27–32You heard that it was said, You shall not commit adultery. But as for myself, I am saying to you, Everyone who is looking at a woman in order to indulge his sexual passion for her, already committed adultery with her in his heart.  So then, if your eye, the right one, causes you to stumble, root it out and throw it from you, for it is to your profit that one of your members perish and not that your whole body be thrown into hell. And if your right hand causes you to stumble, cut it out and throw it from you, for it is to your profit that one of your members perish and that not your whole body go off into hell.

Moreover, it was said, Whoever dismisses his wife, let him give her a bill of divorce. But, as for myself, I am saying to you, Everyone who dismisses his wife except in a case of unchastity, causes her to commit adultery, and whoever marries her who has been dismissed, commits adultery. (WUESTNT) [1]




Verses 27–32
Matthew 5:27–32 : We have here an exposition of the seventh commandment, given us by the same hand that made the law, and therefore was fittest to be the interpreter of it: it is the law against uncleanness, which fitly follows upon the former; that laid a restraint upon sinful passions, this upon sinful appetites, both which ought always to be under the government of reason and conscience, and if indulged, are equally pernicious.
I. The command is here laid down (v. 27), Thou shalt not commit adultery; which includes a prohibition of all other acts of uncleanness, and the desire of them: but the Pharisees, in their expositions of this command, made it to extend no further than the act of adultery, suggesting, that if the iniquity was only regarded in the heart, and went no further, God could not hear it, would not regard it (Ps. 66:18), and therefore they thought it enough to be able to say that they were no adulterers, Lu. 18:11.
II. It is here explained in the strictness of it, in three things, which would seem new and strange to those who had been always governed by the tradition of the elders, and took all for oracular that they taught.
1. We are here taught, that there is such a thing as heart-adultery, adulterous thoughts and dispositions, which never proceed to the act of adultery or fornication; and perhaps the defilement which these give to the soul, that is here so clearly asserted, was not only included in the seventh commandment, but was signified and intended in many of those ceremonial pollutions under the law, for which they were to wash their clothes, and bathe their flesh in water. Whosoever looketh on a woman (not only another man’s wife, as some would have it, but any woman), to lust after her, has committed adultery with her in his heart, v. 28. This command forbids not only the acts of fornication and adultery, but, (1.) All appetites to them, all lusting after the forbidden object; this is the beginning of the sin, lust conceiving (James 1:15); it is a bad step towards the sin; and where the lust is dwelt upon and approved, and the wanton desire is rolled under the tongue as a sweet morsel, it is the commission of sin, as far as the heart can do it; there wants nothing but convenient opportunity for the sin itself. Adultera mens est—The mind is debauched. Ovid. Lust is conscience baffled or biassed: biassed, if it say nothing against the sin; baffled, if it prevail not in what it says. (2.) All approaches toward them; feeding the eye with the sight of the forbidden fruit; not only looking for that end, that I may lust; but looking till I do lust, or looking to gratify the lust, where further satisfaction cannot be obtained. The eye is both the inlet and outlet of a great deal of wickedness of this kind, witness Joseph’s mistress (Gen. 39:7), Samson (Jdg. 16:1), David, 2 Sa. 11:2. We read the eyes full of adultery, that cannot cease from sin, 2 Pt. 2:14. What need have we, therefore, with holy Job, to make a covenant with our eyes, to make this bargain with them that they should have the pleasure of beholding the light of the sun and the works of God, provided they would never fasten or dwell upon any thing that might occasion impure imaginations or desires; and under this penalty, that if they did, they must smart for it in penitential tears! Job 31:1. What have we the covering of the eyes for, but to restrain corrupt glances, and to keep out of their defiling impressions? This forbids also the using of any other of our senses to stir up lust. If ensnaring looks are forbidden fruit, much more unclean discourses, and wanton dalliances, the fuel and bellows of this hellish fire. These precepts are hedges about the law of heart-purity, v. 8. And if looking be lust, they who dress and deck, and expose themselves, with design to be looked at and lusted after (like Jezebel, that painted her face and tired her head, and looked out at the window) are no less guilty. Men sin, but devils tempt to sin.
2. That such looks and such dalliances are so very dangerous and destructive to the soul, that it is better to lose the eye and the hand that thus offend then to give way to the sin, and perish eternally in it. This lesson is here taught us, v. 29, 30. Corrupt nature would soon object against the prohibition of heart-adultery, that it is impossible to governed by it; “It is a hard saying, who can bear it? Flesh and blood cannot but look with pleasure upon a beautiful woman; and it is impossible to forbear lusting after and dallying with such an object.” Such pretences as these will scarcely be overcome by reason, and therefore must be argued against with the terrors of the Lord, and so they are here argued against.

 (1.) It is a severe operation that is here prescribed for the preventing of these fleshly lusts. If thy right eye offend thee, or cause thee to offend, by wanton glances, or wanton gazings, upon forbidden objects; if thy right hand offend thee, or cause thee to offend, by wanton dalliances; and if it were indeed impossible, as is pretended, to govern the eye and the hand, and they have been so accustomed to these wicked practices, that they will not be withheld from them; if there be no other way to restrain them (which, blessed be God, through his grace, there is), it were better for us to pluck out the eye, and cut off the hand, though the right eye, and right hand, the more honourable and useful, than to indulge them in sin to the ruin of the soul. And if this must be submitted to, at the thought of which nature startles, much more must we resolve to keep under the body, and to bring it into subjection; to live a life of mortification and self-denial; to keep a constant watch over our own hearts, and to suppress the first rising of lust and corruption there; to avoid the occasions of sin, to resist the beginnings of it, and to decline the company of those who will be a snare to us, though ever so pleasing; to keep out of harm’s way, and abridge ourselves in the use of lawful things, when we find them temptations to us; and to seek unto God for his grace, and depend upon that grace daily, and so to walk in the Spirit, as that we may not fulfil the lusts of the flesh; and this will be as effectual as cutting off a right hand or pulling out a right eye; and perhaps as much against the grain to flesh and blood; it is the destruction of the old man.
(2.) It is a startling argument that is made use of to enforce this prescription (v. 29), and it is repeated in the same words (v. 30), because we are loth to hear such rough things; Isa. 30:10. It is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, though it be an eye or a hand, which can be worse spared, and not that thy whole body should be cast into hell. Note, [1.] It is not unbecoming a minister of the gospel to preach of hell and damnation; nay, he must do it, for Christ himself did it; and we are unfaithful to our trust, if we give not warning of the wrath to come. [2.] There are some sins from which we need to be saved with fear, particularly fleshly lusts, which are such natural brute beasts as cannot be checked, but by being frightened; cannot be kept from a forbidden tree, but by cherubim, with a flaming sword. [3.] When we are tempted to think it hard to deny ourselves, and to crucify fleshly lusts, we ought to consider how much harder it will be to lie for ever in the lake that burns with fire and brimstone; those do not know or do not believe what hell is, that will rather venture their eternal ruin in those flames, than deny themselves the gratification of a base and brutish lust. [4.] In hell there will be torments for the body; the whole body will be cast into hell, and there will be torment in every part of it; so that if we have a care of our own bodies, we shall possess them in sanctification and honour, and not in the lusts of uncleanness. [5.] Even those duties that are most unpleasant to flesh and blood, are profitable for us; and our Master requires nothing from us but what he knows to be for our advantage.
3. That men’s divorcing of their wives upon dislike, or for any other cause except adultery, however tolerated and practised among the Jews, was a violation of the seventh commandment, as it opened a door to adultery, v. 31, 32. Here observe,
(1.) How the matter now stood with reference to divorce. It hath been said (he does not say as before, It hath been said by them of old time, because this was not a precept, as those were, though the Pharisees were willing so to understand it, ch. 19:7, but only a permission), “Whosoever shall put away his wife, let him give her a bill of divorce; let him not think to do it by word of mouth, when he is in a passion; but let him do it deliberately, by a legal instrument in writing, attested by witnesses; if he will dissolve the matrimonial bond, let him do it solemnly.” Thus the law had prevented rash and hasty divorces; and perhaps at first, when writing was not so common among the Jews, that made divorces rare things; but in process of time it became very common, and this direction of how to do it, when there was just cause for it, was construed into a permission of it for any cause, ch. 19:3.
(2.) How this matter was rectified and amended by our Saviour. He reduced the ordinance of marriage to its primitive institution: They two shall be one flesh, not to be easily separated, and therefore divorce is not to be allowed, except in case of adultery, which breaks the marriage covenant; but he that puts away his wife upon any other pretence, causeth her to commit adultery, and him also that shall marry her when she is thus divorced. Note, Those who lead others into temptation to sin, or leave them in it, or expose them to it, make themselves guilty of their sin, and will be accountable for it. This is one way of being partaker with adulterers Ps. 50:18.(MHCWB:CUOV) [2]


§ 5:29 pluck it out. The severity of the demand illustrates the radical nature of Jesus’ ethic and our radical need. Jesus is not advocating self-mutilation; not the eyes or hands cause lust, but the heart and mind. Christians must not only avoid the act of adultery (“hand”), but also those things that would lead to a lustful attitude (“eye”).The Reformation Study Bible [3]










Adultery
27 
You

have

heard

that

it

was

said

9
to

those

of

old
g
You

 shall

κούσατε1
τι2
ρρέθη3
τος4
ρχαίοις5
►7


Ēkousate
hoti


errethē

tois

archaiois




ακουω
οτι


λεγω

ο

αρχω




akouō
oti


legō

o

archō




191
3754


4483

3588

744



not

commit

adultery
.’

28 
But

I

say

to

you

that

whoever

h
looks

at

Ο6
μοιχεύσεις7
δ2
γ1
λέγω3
μν4
τι5
πς6 7
βλέπων8
Ou
moicheuseis

de
egō
legō

hymin
hoti
pas ho
blepōn

ου
μοιχος

δε
εγω
λεγω

συ
οτι
πας ο
βλεπω

ou
moichos

de
egō
legō

sy
oti
pas o
blepō

3756
3431

1161
1473
3004

5213
3754
3956 3588
991


a

woman

to

lust

for

her

has

already

committed

adultery

γυνακα9
πρς10
τ11 πιθυμσαι12
ατς13
►15
δη14
μοίχευσεν15

gynaika
pros
to epithymēsai

autēs

ēdē
emoicheusen


γυνη
προς
ο επιθυμεω

αυτος

ηδη
μοιχος


gynē
pros
o epithymeō

autos

ēdē
moichos


1135
4314
3588 1937

846

2235
3431


with

her

in

his

heart
29 
i
If

your

right

eye

ατν16
ν17
ατο20
τ18 καρδί19
δ2
ε1
σου5
6 δεξις7
3 φθαλμός4

autēn
en
autou
tē kardia
de
ei
sou
ho dexios
ho ophthalmos

αυτος
εν
αυτος
ο καρδια
δε
ει
συ
ο δεξιος
ο οφθαλμος

autos
en
autos
o kardia
de
ei
sy
o dexios
o ophthalmos

846
1722
846
3588 2588
1161
1487
4675
3588 1188
3588 3788

causes

you

to

1
sin
j
pluck

it

out

and

cast

it

from

you
for

it

is

σκανδαλίζει8
σε9
◄8
ξελε10
ατν11
◄10
κα12
βάλε13
π14
σο15
γάρ17
skandalizei
se


exele
auton

kai
bale

apo
sou
gar


σκανδαλον
συ


αιρεω
αυτος

και
βαλλω

απο
συ
γαρ


skandalon
sy


aireō
autos

kai
ballō

apo
sy
gar


4624
4571


1807
846

2532
906

575
4675
1063



more

profitable 

for

you

that

one

of

your

members

perish
συμφέρει16
σοι18
να19
ν21
►22
σου24
τν22 μελν23
πόληται20
sympherei


soi
hina
hen

sou
tōn melōn
apolētai
φερω


συ
ινα
εις 2

συ
ο μελος
ολεθρος
pherō


sy
ina
eis 2

sy
o melos
olethros
4851


4671
2443
1520

4675
3588 3196
622

than

for

your

whole

body

to 

be

cast

into

hell
.

30 
And

if

κα25 μ26
σου30
λον27
τ28 σμά29
βληθ31
ες32
γέενναν33
κα1
ε2
kai mē

sou
holon
to sōma


blēthē
eis
geennan
kai
ei
και μη

συ
ολος
ο σωμα


βαλλω
εις 1
γεεννα
και
ει
kai mē

sy
olos
o sōma


ballō
eis 1
geenna
kai
ei
2532 3361

4675
3650
3588 4983


906
1519
1067
2532
1487

your

right

hand

causes

you

to

2
sin
cut

it

off

and

cast

it

σου5
δεξιά4
3 χερ6
σκανδαλίζει7
σε8
◄7
κκοψον9
ατν10
◄9
κα11
βάλε12
sou
dexia
hē cheir
skandalizei
se


ekkopson
autēn

kai
bale

συ
δεξιος
ο χειρ
σκανδαλον
συ


κοπτω
αυτος

και
βαλλω

sy
dexios
o cheir
skandalon
sy


koptō
autos

kai
ballō

4675
1188
3588 5495
4624
4571


1581
846

2532
906


from

you
for

it

is

more

profitable

 for

you

that

one

of

your

π13
σο14
γάρ16
συμφέρει15
σοι17
να18
ν20
►21
σου23
apo
sou
gar


sympherei


soi
hina
hen

sou
απο
συ
γαρ


φερω


συ
ινα
εις 2

συ
apo
sy
gar


pherō


sy
ina
eis 2

sy
575
4675
1063


4851


4671
2443
1520

4675

members

perish
than

for

your

whole

body

to 
be

cast

into

τν21 μελν22
πόληται19
κα24 μ25
σου29
λον26
τ27 σμά28
βληθ30
ες31
tōn melōn
apolētai
kai mē

sou
holon
to sōma


blēthē
eis
ο μελος
ολεθρος
και μη

συ
ολος
ο σωμα


βαλλω
εις 1
o melos
olethros
kai mē

sy
olos
o sōma


ballō
eis 1
3588 3196
622
2532 3361

4675
3650
3588 4983


906
1519

hell
.
γέενναν32
geennan
γεεννα
geenna
1067

Divorce
31 
Furthermore

it

has 

been

said
,

k
Whoever

divorces

his

δ2
ρρέθη1
τι3

ς4 ν5
πολύσ6
ατο9
de



errethē
hoti

Hos an
apolysē
autou
δε



λεγω
οτι

ος αν
λυω
αυτος
de



legō
oti

os an
lyō
autos
1161



4483
3754

3739 302
630
846

wife
let

 him

give

her

a

certificate

of

 divorce
.’ 
32 
But

I

say

to

τν7 γυνακα8
δότω10
ατ11
ποστάσιον12
δ2
γ1
λέγω3
tēn gynaika


dotō
autē

apostasion


de
egō
legō

ο γυνη


διδωμι
αυτος

ιστημι


δε
εγω
λεγω

o gynē


didōmi
autos

istēmi


de
egō
legō

3588 1135


1325
846

647


1161
1473
3004


you

that

l
whoever

divorces

his

wife

for

any

reason

except

3
μν4
τι5
ς6 ν7
πολύσ8
ατο11
τν9 γυνακα10
►13
λόγου13
παρεκτς12
hymin
hoti
hos an
apolysē
autou
tēn gynaika


logou
parektos
συ
οτι
ος αν
λυω
αυτος
ο γυνη


λεγω
εκ παρα
sy
oti
os an
lyō
autos
o gynē


legō
ek para
5213
3754
3739 302
630
846
3588 1135


3056
3924

sexual

immorality

causes

her

to

commit

adultery
and

whoever

πορνείας14
ποιε15
ατν16
μοιχσθαι17
κα18
ς19 ἐὰν20
porneias

poiei
autēn

moichasthai

kai
hos ean
πορνη

ποιεω
αυτος

μοιχος

και
ος ει αν
pornē

poieō
autos

moichos

kai
os ei an
4202

4160
846

3429

2532
3739 1437

marries

a

woman

 who

is

divorced

commits

adultery
.
γαμήσ22
πολελυμένην21
μοιχται23
gamēsē




apolelymenēn
moichatai

γαμος




λυω
μοιχος

gamos




lyō
moichos

1060




630
3429





9
NU, M omit to those of old
1
Lit. stumble or offend
2
Lit. stumble or offend
3
Or fornication

 27 


28 

I say. Matt 5:2239Matt. 7:2829

That. Ge. 34:239:7, etc. 
   Ex. 20:172 Sa. 11:2Job 31:19Pr. 6:25
   James 1:14, 15. 2 Pe. 2:141 John 2:16

hath. Ps. 119:96Ro. 7:7814

29 


offend thee. or, do cause thee to offend. pluck. Matt. 19:12Ro. 6:6;8:131 Co. 9:27Ga. 5:24.Col. 3:51 Pe. 4:1–3


30 

offend. Matt. 11:613:2116:2318:6726:31Lu. 17:2Ro. 9:3314:20211 Co. 8:13.                                      Ga. 5:111 Pe. 2:8


31 


32 

I say. ver. 28. Lu. 9:3035


The Treasury of Scripture knowledge[5]





Looking forward to getting together for the discussions…..
God Bless!
Nathan 


This concludes the blog post

Appendix / Bibliography


[2] Henry, M. (1994). Matthew Henry’s commentary on the whole Bible: complete and unabridged in one volume (p. 1633). Peabody: Hendrickson. buy it from Amazon prices start at 2.88 and go up to 35.96

Check your package (mine has it) from Wordsearch 11 and 12
Check your package (mine has it) from Olive Tree
Check your package (mine has it) from Blue Letter Bible
Check your package (mine has it) from Bible Gateway
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Buy it from Faith Gateway $25.99
Buy it from Cokesbury $25.99 $18.79 





The first Geneva Bible opened the pages of Scripture for all readers and provided helpful notes to assist in the understanding of its central message. The Reformation Study Bible, under the editorial leadership of reformed scholars such as R.C. Sproul and J.I. Packer, offers a modern restatement of Reformation truth for the broad evangelical community. A wonderful resource for anyone who desires to understand the impact the powerful truths of the Reformation have had on today’s church.





    • Publisher: Reformation Trust Publishing; 2016 Edition edition (March 15, 2016)
    • Language: English
    • ISBN-10: 1567695027
    • ISBN-13: 978-1567695021
    •  
    • Publisher: Ligonier Ministries; 2015 Edition edition (March 16, 2015)
    • Language: English
    • ISBN-10: 1567694411
    • ISBN-13: 978-1567694413

    • The following review by sal4bass dated March 30, 2015 is one of the 214 reviews 
        • First the good news - this is an amazing study Bible! R.C. Sproul has produced an excellent resource for bible study. The 2015 version has been significantly updated from the 2005 release. The expanded commentary notes and book introductions are excellent. I can't put the 2015 Reformation Study Bible down, it is a joy to read and highly edifying.The bad news - the publisher should be ashamed of printing such a wonderful resource so poorly. I am on my second replacement copy of the 2015 Reformation Study Bible (black leather edition). All copies have suffered from smeared ink. The pages are very thin and text "bleed through" is the worst I have seen in a Bible. The scripture typeface has been reduced in size from 10.25 (ITC Berkeley font) to 9.5 (Proforma font) which is still quite easy to read. But the ESV cross-reference font size within the text is so small it makes reading them very difficult. Likewise the ESV textual footnotes at the bottom of the scripture are hard to read due the tiny font. Cross-references have been relocated to the interior margins and reside on "the fold" which makes them harder to see. I consider the ESV cross references an integral part of the study bible, and as such, find the tiny cross reference font limits ease of usability. I like the study notes and articles content of the 2015 Reformation Study Bible so much that despite the smeared print I decided to keep my copy, and I read it regularly. But regardless of how good the content is the print quality issues are unacceptable. Hopefully future printings will correct this. I would rate content at 5 stars, but overall I can only rate the 2015 Reformation Study Bible at 3 stars until the printing issues are resolved.

        [4]The New King James Version. (1982). (Mt 5:27–32). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.
          •                                                                                                                                           

          


      [5] Blayney, B., Scott, T., & Torrey, R. A. with Canne, J., Browne. (n.d.). The Treasury of Scripture knowledge (Vol. 2, p. 3). London: Samuel Bagster and Sons.
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